Visual working memory (wm) has a very limited online capacity making it considerably important to control the gating of encoding into wm recent studies have suggested that attention control is of importance in doing so, especially the time needed to disengage however, the disengagement mechanism operates on a. Attentional control is a necessary function for the regulation of goal-directed behavior in three experiments we investigated whether training inhibitory control using a visual search task could improve task-specific measures of attentional control and keywords: anxiety, working memory, inhibition, distractibility, tennis. Including response inhibition, sustained attention, and cognitive inhibition, are related to reading decoding and comprehension the current study evaluated the relations of reading comprehension, decoding, working memory, and attentional control in 1,134 adolescent students path analyses were used to assess the. Of working memory contents, order memory, as well as storage of verbal, spatial, and object information in working memory increased activity in superior parietal areas during working memory-related processes may indicate a role for basic control of attentional focus in those processes (wager & smith, 2003) modulation of. The relationship between working memory and selective attention has traditionally been discussed as operating in one direction: attention filters incoming infor shifting intentional set: exploring the dynamic control of tasks in umilta, c, moscovitch, m (eds), attention and performance xv: conscious and nonconscious. Background: attentional control difficulties in individuals with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (adhd) might reflect poor working memory (wm) ability, especially because wm ability and attentional control rely on similar brain regions the current study examined whether wm ability might explain group differences in. Conclusion: the findings provide support that chinese calligraphy writing training for eight weeks using a cognitive approach would improve working memory and to a lesser extent attentional control functions of patients with early mci they also demonstrate the usefulness of using mind-and-body practice.
Complex span and visual arrays are two common measures of working memory capacity that are respectively treated as measures of attention control and storage capacity a recent analysis of these tasks. Working memory and attention are closely related concepts working memory is defined as the ability to control attention, and distraction (eg, irrelevant emails or text messages) wmc is critical for maintaining self-control in pursuing a wide variety of goals, such as healthy eating, addiction, and impulse. Working memory attentional control is comprised of a group of functions response inhibition, sustained attention, and cognitive inhibition in the current study, i addressed the relation of reading comprehension, decoding skills, working memory, and attentional control in 1134 adolescent students from grades 6 - 12.
They also attest to the causal mechanism of attentional control protecting against anxiety vulnerability especially under stress the implications of improving attentional control are enormous in education and clinical science targeting and training working memory using adaptive tasks that exercise. An ongoing study examining if cogmed can improve attentional control and processing speed in undergraduate students. Tasks designed such that all stimuli are restricted to the auditory domain and include specific attentional control requirements may better inform the relative roles between the peripheral store and the central components of working memory and attention  the aim of this study was to further examine the.
Attentional control difficulties in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adhd) might reflect poor working memory (wm) ability, especially because wm ability and attentional control rely on similar brain regions the current study examined whether wm ability might explain group differences in brain activation. Attention is acknowledged as an important factor in the modulation of pain a recent model proposed that an effective control of pain by attention should not only involve the disengagement of selective attention away from nociceptive stimuli, but should also guarantee that attention is maintained on the processing of. This paper is about the nature of working memory capacity (wmc), and it will address the nature of wmc limitations, their effects on higher order cognitive tasks, their relationship to attention control and general fluid intelligence, and their neurological substrates much of our work has ex plored these issues in the context of. Attentional control, working memory and language aptitude a correlational study of the relationship between second language proficiency, attentional control and working memory marianne christiansen master's thesis in english psycholinguistics – teacher training programme norwegian university of science and.
The current study examined the extent to which attention control abilities, secondary memory abilities, or both accounted for variation in working memory capacity (wmc) and its relation to fluid intelligence participants performed various attention control, secondary memory, wmc, and fluid intelligence measures. Although psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations are the best-known features of schizophrenia, the disorder is also characterized by substantial cognitive deficits that present major obstacles to functioning thus, cognitive impairment is a major focus of schizophrenia research one prominent cognitive domain in which. This study assessed the effect of aging on 3 attentional control functions (acfs) —shifting, inhibition, and updating—and on their contribution to working memory (wm) tasks methods complex wm tasks (the brown–peterson procedure, the reading span, and the alpha span) and tasks used to derive.
These results suggest that attentional control training can improve inhibition and reduce task-specific distractibility with promise of transfer to more efficient sporting performance in competitive contexts keywords: anxiety, working memory, inhibition, distractibility, tennis training attentional control improves. Previous research indicates that people can infer self-agency, the experience of causing outcomes as a result of one's own actions, in situations where information about action-outcomes is pre-activated through goal-setting or priming we argue that goal-based agency inferences rely on attentional control.
Authors have argued that various forms of interventions may be more effective in younger children is cognitive training also more effective, the earlier the training is applied we review evidence suggesting that functional neural networks, including those subserving attentional control, may be more unspecialised and. Keywords: attentional control mechanisms cognitive activities higher-order cognition task-specific competition resolution mechanisms visual attention working memory capacity. Nazanin, training working memory to improve attentional control in anxiety: a proof-of-principle study using behavioral and electrophysiological measures biological psychology this is a pdf file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for.